Download the SHRUG


Review the available data in the table below, which includes links to dataset documentation and associated papers.

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delhi mobility

Available Data


SHRUG v1.2 2019/09/03 Village/Town Constituency
Population Census data spanning 1991-2011
Complete demographics for every town and village in India for 1991, 2001, 2011. Detailed directory of public goods at the town and village level.
Economic Census data spanning 1990-2013
Complete enumeration of all firms (non-farm establishments) in every town and village in 1990, 1998, 2005, 2013, including manufacturing and services, formal and informal, private and public.
All-India Forest Cover (VCF) 2000-2014
Forest cover data comes from Vegetation Continuous Fields (VCF), a MODIS product that measures tree cover at 250m resolution from 2000 to 2014. VCF is predicted from a machine learning algorithm based on broad spectrum satellite images and trained with human-categorized data, which can distinguish between crops, plantations and primary forest cover.

These data were linked to the SHRUG as part of work conducted by Asher, Garg, and Novosad (2018).
All-India Night Lights 1994-2013
Night lights are widely used as a proxy for some form of electrification or economic activity when time series data on economic activity is otherwise unavailable. Gridded night lights data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) were matched to village and town polygons, and aggregated into totals and means. These are available annually from 1992–2013.
PMGSY data
Administrative village-level data on the national rural road construction describe road completion dates, completion time, costs, and overruns, construction materials, and more.
Socioeconomic and Caste Census 2012
We initially provide two key variables from the SECC: consumption and share of employment in agriculture. We impute consumption for each individual following the small area estimation methodology of Elbers et al. (2003), giving SHRUG users a proxy for village-level mean consumption per capita.
Trivedi Elections data
Electoral data are available for legislative constituencies. All SHRUG data are available at electoral boundaries (legislative constituencies), and electoral data is readily linkable to candidate affidavits. These data are from the Trivedi Center for Political Data. Data include turnout and vote totals for each candidate and party for all elections from 1980–2013.


Previous releases Village/Town Constituency
Complete SHRUG v0.2
The first beta release of the SHRUG. We recommend you use the most up-to-date version. Made available for the curious.


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